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Friday, January 5, 2018

Lithium Compound - Properties and Uses

Most of us have heard about Lithium and its compound in schools and in applications of our daily lives, as well. Has anyone ever wondered what this metal is and what can be its properties, based upon which it is used in several industrial and medicinal applications? This article will surely answer all your queries related to this amazing compound.

What is Lithium and who discovered it?
What are the most common characteristics of Lithium Compound?
How is Lithium and its compounds used?


Came into existence in the year 1817 by Swedish chemist Johan August Arfwedson, Lithium is considered as the first member of the alkaline metals. It can be found in abundance approximately 0.005 % in the crust of Earth. This being the reason, it is placed among the first 15 elements in the periodic table. Generally, the Lithium Compound is derived from the ores named petalite, lepidolite and spodumene. However, it can also be obtained from saltwater.

Lithium appears to be silvery in color and is very soft to touch. Its hardness of 0.6 at Mohs scale make it extremely soft that it can even be scratched with a fingernail. With melting and boiling point of 180.54 and 1,335 degree Celsius, respectively, this element has the capability to fulfill several industrial and commercial requirements. When compared to the density of water, its density is 0.534 grams per centimeter cube.

Although it is an active element, yet its reaction with water at room temperature is extremely slow. However, it reacts rapidly with water at extreme temperatures. Hydrogen gas is formed when the mentioned compound reacts with acids. No reaction takes place when it is reacted with oxygen at room temperature, but forms Lithium Oxide (one of its compounds) above 100 degree Celsius.

Lithium Compounds have plenty of uses and applications. These find usage in ceramic and glass industry for making air crafts, components of mobile phones and many more. Moreover, it is also used in metallurgy for refining various metals like Nickel, Zinc, Iron and copper. Besides, it possess a whole lot of health uses. It helps in the treatment of bi-polar disease, Alzheimer and is exceptionally good for healthy brain.

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